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Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Hong Kong is one of two special administrative regions (SARs) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), the other being Macau. Situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour. With a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.  Hong Kong's population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups.  Hong Kong's Han Chinese majority originate mainly from the cities of Guangzhou and Taishan in the neighbouring Guangdong province.   Under the principle of "one country, two systems", Hong Kong has a different political system from mainland China. Hong Kong's independent judiciary functions under the common law framework. The Basic Law of Hong Kong, its constitutional document, which stipulates that Hong Kong shall have a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign relations and military defence, governs its political system. Although it has a burgeoning multi-party system, a small-circle electorate controls half of its legislature.

An 800-person Election Committee selects the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, the head of government.  As one of the world's leading international financial centres, Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and the currency, Hong Kong dollar, is the ninth most traded currency in the world.  The lack of space caused demand for denser constructions, which developed the city to a centre for modern architecture and the world's most vertical city.  The dense space also led to a highly developed transportation network with public transport travelling rate exceeding 90 percent,  the highest in the world.  Hong Kong has numerous high international rankings in various aspects. For instance, its economic freedom, financial and economic competitiveness, quality of life, corruption perception, Human Development Index, etc., are all ranked highly

Hong Kong Island
The size is only 80 Square Kilometres, but it is the heart of Hong Kong.

In between Hong Kong Island and New Territories is the Kowloon Peninsula. It is also an important part of the bustling city. Its districts like Tsim Sha Tsui, Yau Ma Tei and Mong Kok are the most attractive, they contain all the shopping, eating, entertainment and cultural attractions, highly comparable to Hong Kong Island!

New Territories
New Territories covers most part of Hong Kong, it also consists of Lantau Island, Cheung Chau Island, Lamma Island and another 260 islands.

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