Fiji is an island nation in the South Pacific. The country is made up of over 300 islands, of which 110 are inhabited. The two main Fijian Islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the population of almost 850,000. The capital of Fiji is Suva, situated on Viti Levu. Almost three quarters of the total population live in Suva. Important towns are Nadi, which is the location of the international airport, and Lautoka, which is a large seaport. The majority of Fiji's islands were formed through volcanic activity. There is still some geothermal activity today on the islands of Vanua Levu and Tavenui. Because of the abundance of forest, mineral and fishing resources, Fiji is one of the most developed economies in the Pacific island realm today. Natural resources include timber, fish, gold, copper and offshore oil and hydropower.
The Fijian culture is a relaxed, easy-going and friendly culture however it is still important to respect their customs. When visiting a village modest clothing is recommended, as is taking off your hat (it is considered an insult to the chief to wear one). If you are invited into a home, be gracious and thank your host, and take your shoes off before entering, leaving them at the door. Kava is Fiji's most well-known social custom and an essential experience to make your Fiji holiday complete. If invited to try kava, don't hesitate, just accept the offering and enjoy the unique ritual (and the unique numbing effect the drink has). Fijians are some of the most friendly people in the world and are eager to welcome you as a guest into their villages and homes provided you respect their traditions and customs. This will provide a fascinating insight into their traditional way of life and adds a unique element of depth to your Fiji holiday.